A committed republican from 1795, he backed the coup d'état of 18 Fructidor, and the following one on 18 brumaire. This is exactly what Benjamin Franklin believes to the truth, and what the people of France in 1789 found to be a stark reality. And, he was disturbed to see that, at the other extreme, the chaos of revolutionary violence had led others to resignation, isolation, and a focus on narrow self-interest. Indeed, it might be seen as marking the invention of modern politics. Women and the Limits of Citizenship in the French Revolution. Carolina Armenteros. The liberal Benjamin Constant blamed many of France’s ensuing problems on Jean‐ Jacques Rousseau, often very wrongly thought to be a liberal: … We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. He was especially concerned that the “revolutionary torrent” [his phrase] had unleashed violent passions that led to fanaticism, rebelliousness, and the search for vengeance. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. Read honest and unbiased product reviews from our users. Benjamin Constant was the key thinker in the French classical liberal tradition between Montesquieu and Tocqueville. In his search for a path between vengeance and fatigue, he encouraged sentiments like self-respect, compassion, and enthusiasm. Her fluctuating liaison with Constant started in 1794 and lasted 14 years, although after 1806 her affections found little response. Olwen Hufton. During the late-1790s, Constant declared himself a “democrat”, but he worried that the Revolution was reinforcing character traits in France that would undermine stable liberal politics. $23.79 . Henri-Benjamin Constant de Rebecque, or simply Benjamin Constant, was a Swiss French political activist and writer on political theory and religion. This article examines Constant's analysis of character during the French Revolution. Benjamin Constant, the French Revolution, and the Origins of French Romantic Liberalism K. Steven Vincent. In his search for a path between vengeance and fatigue, he encouraged sentiments like self-respect, compassion, and enthusiasm. Democracy Past and Future. De l’esprit de conquête (French Edition) eBook: Benjamin Constant: Amazon.ca: Kindle Store In an 1819 essay, he discussed, “The Liberty of Ancients Compared with that of Moderns.” According to Constant, the liberty of the modern world was individual freedom. A witness to the best aspirations of the French Revolution and its worst crimes, Constant (1767-1830) emerged from the revolutionary era with a disgust for despotism. This article examines Constant's analysis of character during the French Revolution. Kenneth B. Loiselle. "Benjamin Constant (1767-1830) has come to be recognized, not only as an important novelist, but also as a major theorist of early liberalism. Benjamin Constant et la Révolution française, 1789-1799. Find helpful customer reviews and review ratings for Adolphe (French Edition) at Amazon.com. He was born 25 October 1767 in Lausanne, Switzerland, to Henriette de Chandieu and Juste Constant de Rebecque. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. Benjamin Constant, the French revolution, and the problem of modern character. The Blind in French Society from the Middle Ages to the Century of Louis Braille. During the late-1790s, Constant declared himself a “democrat”, but he worried that the Revolution was reinforcing character traits in France that would undermine stable liberal politics. Pierre Rosanvallon. Excerpted in Liberty, Equality, Fraternity: Exploring the French Revolution, Jack R. Censer and Lynn Hunt, eds. "Benjamin Constant and the Birth of French Liberalism is lucid, elegantly written, and useful, summing up the major elements of political history in this period with accuracy and incisiveness. Her salon was famous for hosting Benjamin Constant, August Wilhelm von Schlegel, Lord Byron, and other luminaries, before and after her exile by Napoleon. (American Social History Productions, 2001). Broadly speaking, virtually any work of scholarship dealing with the French Revolution might be said to address revolutionary politics. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. Benjamin Constant de Rebecque was best known in his lifetime as a politician and political journalist and later as a novelist. Across the Atlantic, Benjamin Franklin wrote of "a constant fog over all Europe, and a great part of North America". During the late-1790s, Constant declared himself a “democrat”, but he worried that the Revolution was reinforcing character traits in France that would undermine stable liberal politics. Source: Benjamin Constant, Political Writings, ed. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. Two hundred years after the revolution of 1789, from which he emerged as one of the most brilliant minds of his age, Benjamin Constant remains, especially in the English-speaking world, a relatively unknown and much underestimated intellectual figure. “Tell a man,” he wrote, “you have the right not to be put to death or despoiled. Having learned the lessons of the French Revolution, they knew that power, whether concentrated in … K. Steven Vincent Search for other works by this author on: This Site. Artisans of Glory. During the Hundred Days and the Bourbon Restoration, he became an advocate for liberal, constitutional monarchy. Abstract. Benjamin Constant, in full Henri-Benjamin Constant de Rebecque, (born Oct. 25, 1767, Lausanne, Switz.—died Dec. 8, 1830, Paris), Franco-Swiss novelist and political writer, the author of Adolphe, a forerunner of the modern psychological novel. This book provides a densely contextualized intellectual biography of Constant that imbeds his thought in French political developments during the revolutionary era. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.histeuroideas.2003.08.008. Benjamin Constant, the French Revolution, and the Origins of French Romantic Liberalism Vincent, K. Steven 2000-10-01 00:00:00 FRENCH HISTORICAL STUDIES stantâ s growing prominence echoes the reputation he enjoyed during the last decade of his lifeâ that is, during the 1820sâ when he was an outspoken liberal opponent of the restored Bourbon monarchy, which, in his estimation, was … CONSTANT, BENJAMIN (1767–1830), French politician, writer, and theorist. During the late-1790s, Constant declared himself a “democrat”, but he worried that the Revolution was reinforcing character traits in France that would undermine stable liberal politics. Brotherly Love. The French Revolution was a supremely political event. Get this from a library! The disruption to weather patterns meant the … Abstract This article examines Constant's analysis of character during the French Revolution. Benjamin Constant answered that many of the Revolution’s “evils” stemmed from a confusion between two kinds of liberty. [Dominique Verrey; Anne-Lise Delacrétaz;] -- Analyse: P. 7-9, présentation de l'Institut qui fête ses dix ans d'existence. This book provides a densely contextualized intellectual biography of Constant that imbeds his thought in French political developments during the revolutionary era. He was the author of a partly biographical psychological novel, Adolphe. Vincent brings together the political, the socio-cultural, and the literary, using each to reflect on the other in provocative ways. The liberal Benjamin Constant blamed many of France’s ensuing problems on Jean‐ Jacques Rousseau, often very wrongly thought to be a liberal: … Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. Copyright © 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. The French Idea of History . It follows Constant's shifting views on public opinion from his republican beginnings to his mature liberalism of the second restoration. Read "Benjamin Constant and the Birth of French Liberalism" by K. Steven Vincent available from Rakuten Kobo. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.histeuroideas.2003.08.008. $30.59 . Benjamin Constant’s reputation as a liberal political thinker has been growing during the past thirty years. Jul 4th, 2000 Swiss‐​born thinker, politician, author, and activist Benjamin Constant defended freedom in France against the ancien regime, the Terror, and Napoleon. Zina Weygand. $28.49 . The peasants, typically farmers, and the Bourgeoisie, France’s wealthiest class, felt that their chances to better their lives were being restricted by their own government. and trans., Biancamaria Fontana (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988), 161-63. This article examines Constant's analysis of character during the French Revolution. He is now widely recognized as one of the most articulate and influential exponents of classic liberalism of the nineteenth century, sharing this honor with Alexis de Tocqueville, John Stuart Mill, Lord Acton, and Thomas Hill Green, among others. The French thinker Benjamin Constant was, according to respected Oxford University scholar Isaiah Berlin, “the most eloquent of all defenders of freedom and privacy.” Constant insisted that individual liberty is a moral principle. Of central importance to both men was the need to protect individual rights and freedoms against what they saw as an encroaching social power. Benjamin Constant (1767-1830), a brilliant and original philosopher and a political scientist, was overshadowed by Tocqueville despite his timeliness and relevance for today. $67.49 . During the late-1790s, Constant declared himself a “democrat”, but he worried that the Revolution was reinforcing character traits in France that would undermine stable liberal politics. He was especially concerned that the “revolutionary torrent” [his phrase] had unleashed violent passions that led to fanaticism, rebelliousness, and the search for vengeance. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. As founding fathers of modern liberalism, Benjamin Constant and Alexis de Tocqueville shared a common sensibility as well as a number of key concerns. She experienced firsthand many important events of the French Revolution, which she followed closely from Paris and, later, from exile in Switzerland, where she lived between 1792 and 1795. "Benjamin Constant (1767-1830) has come to be recognized, not only as an important novelist, but also as a major theorist of early liberalism. And, he was disturbed to see that, at the other extreme, the chaos of revolutionary violence had led others to resignation, isolation, and a focus on narrow self-interest. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. Benjamin Constant, the French revolution, and the problem of modern character. Copyright © 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Orest Ranum. The French thinker Benjamin Constant was, according to respected Oxford University scholar Isaiah Berlin, “the most eloquent of all defenders of freedom and privacy.” The French Revolution was an enormous social reorganization affecting some twenty-five million people in France and countless others in regions as geographically distant as Haiti. $28.49 . Benjamin Constant and the Birth of French Liberalism: K. 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